Azadirachta indica A.Juss. Main specimen
Meliaceae
{ Nomenclature }

  • Botanical name : Azadirachta indica
  • Author : Jussieu, Adrien Henri Laurent de (1830)
  • Family : Meliaceae
  • English names : Indian lilac, margosa tree, neem tree
  • Indian names (phonetics) :
    Bengali : Neem
    Gujarati : Dhanujhada
    Hindi : Neem
    Kannada : Turakabevu
    Malayalam : Ariyaveppu
    Marathi : Kadunimba
    Sanskrit : Nimbaka, pakvakrita
    Tamil : Vembu, Veppa maram
    Telugu : Vepa
  • Synonyms :
    Antelaea azadirachta (L.) Adelb.
    Antelaea canescens Cels ex Heynh.
    Antelaea javanica Gaertn.
    Azadirachta indica var. minor Valeton
    Azadirachta indica var. siamensis Valeton
    Azadirachta indica subsp. vartakii Kothari, Londhe & N.P.Singh
    Melia azadirachta L.
    Melia indica (A.Juss.) Brandis
    (Source : The Plant List, 2015, http://www.theplantlist.org)
  • Etymology :
    - Azadirachta : From the Persian azaddhirakt meaning "excellent tree or noble tree"; referring to the usefulness and the considerable economic importance of the genus.
    - Indica : from India, Indian, was used loosely for the Orient.